Sore Throat Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Know About a sore throat
This refers to itchiness, irritation, and pain of the throat that results into swallowing problems.It is a condition marked by throat pains. As a result throat inflammation caused by virus, bacteria or cold.A person with a sore throat may not be able to swallow liquids and food due to pain in the throat.A sore throat affects all people no matter their ages, but risks are higher in smokers, children, people with allergies and weak immune system.Most of the respiratory infections cause a sore throat.
Symptoms of a sore throat
-Tender and enlarged glands in your neck.
-A cough and headache.
-The high temperature which accompanied by fever.
-A running nose.
-Pain in the joints.
-Tiredness and aching of the muscles.
-Other symptoms of a sore throat include dry throat, white patches on the tonsils, swollen glands in the neck and hoarseness.
Causes of a Sore Throat
(1) Bacterial infectionBacteria infections such as whooping cough, diphtheria, and strep cause throat inflammation which in turn result into a sore throat.
(2) Viral infectionVarious viral infections such as flu, measles, chickenpox, croup and cold cause sore throat.
(3) Factors from the environmentDry air can cause a sore throat. Those people with allergies may also get a sore throat from environmental exposure to various allergens such as pollen.Mold, pet dander among many other irritants.
(4)Digestive system conditionVarious digestive system conditions such as Gastroesophageal (GERD) may also cause a sore throat.This is a condition where stomach acid goes back into the esophagus. As mentioned above, most of the respiratory problems as well as infections may also cause a sore throat.
Sore throat remedies
-Diagnosing sore throatMost of the sore throats are not very serious hence do not require medical attention.They pass out after a short period.In case they are severe, it is good to seek medical attention or take antibiotics.Over the counter, painkillers can be used to relieve sore throat symptoms.
-Seek medical attention in case you experience severe pain, breathing difficulties; you are having serious difficulty while swallowing or have muffled voice.A doctor will prescribe the antibiotics you can take to kill the organisms that cause infections.Aways take the medication as prescribed by your doctor.
-Soar throat treatmentSoar throat treatment is dependent on its cause.There are some mechanisms that can be used to treat a sore throat. They include:
-Drinking a lot of warm fluids such as water
-Tea and soap
-Gargling with warm water containing salt
-Taking throat lozenges.
-You can also reduce inflammation by use of acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
-Note: When a sore throat fails to respond to antibiotics, surgery can be done to remove the tonsils.
Prevention of solar throat. You can prevent future sore throat infection by doing the following: – Avoid sharing utensils and drinking glasses with infected people.
-Avoid cigarette smoking.
-Eliminate dryness by keeping a humidifier in your house.
-Reduce allergens exposure especially when you have allergy problems.
-In case water and soap are not available, it is advisable that you use hand sanitizers.
Avoid commonly touched surfaces such as door handles.
Thorough washing of your hands. This kills bacteria and germs that may cause infections.