Treatments for Prostate Cancer
What causes prostate cancer? There is no known cause of it and that doctors only believe that it starts when other cells start to become abnormal. Through mutations, DNA causes the abnormal cells to grow and multiply.
Afterward, abnormal cells continue to live while other cells would die. The abnormal cells continue to form as a tumor and grow to enter nearby tissues. Other abnormal cells often tend to break off and metastasize to other areas of the body.
What is Metastatic Prostate Cancer?
It is believed that when prostate cancer has finally spread to other areas of the body, it has already ‘metastasized.’ This is now called as metastatic prostate cancer that is an advanced form of cancer. Even though it cannot be cured, it can still be controlled and treated.
What is Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer?
Castration-resistant prostate cancer is believed to be another type of cancer that is most often developed because of testosterone. With the help of drugs and castration, tumor cells are likewise prevented.
Good news, doctors, and researchers are continuously looking for the alternative and efficient treatments before prostate cancer. There is an on-going research for the treatment in many parts of the world.
Here are the following treatments for prostate cancer:
With the technology, radiotherapy is even more improved. This way, the prostate gland is treated the best, and there are no side effects from it. The amount of radiation is just reduced to be received by the bowel and bladder. This has been improved for the past few years with improved techniques and machines like ‘IMRT’ and ‘conformal radiotherapy.’ External therapy and brachytherapy are also combined to increase the chances of cure.
These drugs are used in the treatment of osteoporosis. These are also known to reduce pain associated with bones or cancer deposits. Abnormal bones are less likely to fracture or break. On the other hand, the damages are slowed down to the bone. Good thing, prostate cancer is best treated because of this newer treatment.
New Hormone Therapy
There are the best injections or hormone tablets that are discovered by researchers or scientists. They have tried and tested it out for prostate cancer. It is also to be combined with other treatments like radiotherapy or chemotherapy. After it passes the results and questions, it will be made available in the next years to come.
Alternative to Surgeries-HIFU and Cryotherapy
There are two newest treatments for prostate cancer-HIFU and Cryotherapy. The former stands for the high-frequency ultrasound and ultrasound waves are directed to the cancer cells. After heating them up, killing them is even expected.
Cryotherapy, on the other hand, kills the cancer cells using freezing them. Needles will be inserted through the gland with the local anesthetic. Then, the liquid nitrogen will be passed to freeze the cancer cells and prostate gland. This is also utilized for men after trying a more conventional treatment.
Now, you have finally learned more about the treatments for prostate cancer!